People often wonder what differences there are between hemp and marijuana. Although the plants are very similar, the main difference for the type of cannabis that we grow at Poplar Creek Farms is that the plant does not produce THC. In fact, to be legally categorized as hemp, the THC content must be less than .3%. By comparison, marijuana can contain upwards of 30% THC.
Technically, marijuana and hemp are not separate species. The low THC varieties of Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica have been artificially selected over time to ensure that the THC content is low, and other cannabinoids are high, such as cannabidiol (CBD). All of the varieties at Poplar Creek Farms are hybrids of the sativa and indica strains.
It is also possible to grow hemp varieties that are good for fiber production. This plant is called Cannabis ruderalis, and there is some discussion among scientists whether it classifies as a separate species. It grows quite tall and skinny. This long growth makes for excellent fibers that can be used in paper, ropes, clothing, and even concrete. Hemp fiber shows a lot of promise to preserve our environment, since hemp paper does not require the destruction of forests.